Roman Wall Painting Ideas - The interiors of Roman buildings of all kinds were very frequent sumptuously decorated with bright colors and patterns. Murals on the outside and using plaster to create relief effects were all commonly used by the 1st century BC in public buildings, private homes, temples, tombs and military structures, even throughout the Roman world. Designs may vary retail complex Impressionist realistic representations often covered the entire wall space available, including the ceiling. Topics could include portraits, scenes from mythology, architecture using sham, flora, fauna and even entire gardens, landscapes and cityscapes to create spectacular 360 ° panoramas that transport the viewer within a small room with the world of the imagination of the painter.
Roman Wall Painting Ideas
Materials and techniques
Roman wall paintings were created using a laborious construction of several layers of material. Both Vitruvius and Pliny the Elder describe the optimal process. First, a rough layer of mortar is applied to the surface, sometimes three layers thick and made of lime and sand (or volcanic pozzolan). Then three layers are added, this time using a mixture of lime and crushed marble to give a smoother finish and glass, marble and fabric used for polishing the surface and prepare it for painting. Colors were added when the surface was still wet (fresh) but the details can also be added to a dry surface (tempera). If the surface of the timber were then the colors can be first dissolved in the wax and added to the wall with a spatula.
Roman wall painters (or perhaps their customers) prefer natural colors of the earth as darker shades of red, yellow and brown. Blue and black pigments were also popular for lighter models, but the evidence of a painting workshop Pompeii shows that a wide range of color tones were available. All kinds of scenes painted on the walls, often described in outline the first use of red ocher. Initially influenced by Hellenistic artists, scenes from Greek mythology were particularly popular, especially those involving Dionysus. Popular subjects included gladiatorial combat, landscapes, buildings, gardens and still lives. Decorative motifs appear repeatedly, for example, tripods, fruits, leaves, ribbons, candles, theater masks and architectural elements such as columns.
The wealth of examples survives in places like Pompeii and Herculaneum allowed Roman wall painting, which is classified in four different styles. In Style I, which became popular in the ECB at the beginning of the second century, the wall was painted usually with a frieze often means space divided into three zones and a frieze and cornice and classical architecture. Stucco was used to give a three dimensional effect to certain points of the decoration, especially the ledge. An example of the style can be found in the House of Samnites Herculaneum.
Style II origin in Rome around 90 BC and painted columns are built, often with an architrave and pediment acting as a frame for interior scenes, which in turn can be framed by columns. The view paintings and religious scenes are given and worship is particularly popular. Another feature of style is the representation of small paintings framed on each side of the most surprising, most central stage. The House of Livia on the Palatine Hill in Rome has excellent examples of this style.
In Design III, which appeared in the reign of Augustus, the architectural elements become more fantastic and are richly decorative. The predominance of black, red and yellow continues, but the greens and blues and more space on the wall is clear. There is also more emphasis on symmetry rather than perspective. A good example is the House of Lucretius Fronto in Pompeii.
The highly decorative style IV is best seen in Pompeii, where most of the villas have been decorated in a style after the earthquake of 62 CE. The House of the Vetti shows the characteristics of this style with large central panels; there is a growing use of white for backgrounds, more attention to detail and perspective returns more decorative paintings include complex, floral borders and friezes between panels.
The latest developments in the mural are more difficult to follow because of the lack of examples of survival and a general preference in recent times to marble veneers and tempera painting survives worse than cool. Elements of Design III and IV appear to continue, but there is less use of three-way socket and walls of division are largely abandoned to allow a greater level of individual scenes that present the larger than life. By the third century CE, one of the best sources of wall painting just Christian catacombs where scenes from the Old and New Testaments were popular, like Daniel in the lions' den, Jonah and the whale and the miracles of Christ. There was also a tendency to divide the wall and ceiling with stripes and lines on a white background.
The triclinium or dining in the first century BCE residence known as Villa Livia (wife of Augusto) in Rome has a picture of a given Impressionist garden that runs around the room completely ignoring the corners 360 °. The impressive variety and exuberance in the garden includes plants, flowers, fruit, laurel and palm trees, vines, birds and insects, all natural waists and painted against a bright blue sky. The depth and perspective is cleverly achieved by the provision of more detailed questions in detail are closer to the viewer, while subjects are painted background less distinctly. A low fence reed and rattan in the foreground complete the illusion that one is in a garden paradise place in a small room without windows claustrophobic.
Roman Wall Painting Ideas - The triclinium private villa of the first century CE known as the House of the Vetti in Pompeii has some of the most famous images of Roman wall painting. Red walls are divided by black stripes and frieze running above the frieze loves and psychai involved in all kinds of activities, such as religious rites, shooting arrows, antelope’s trucks race, selling flowers and perfumes, and even work as goldsmiths, wineries and bakers. The entire route scenes, and then ends with a procession in honor of Dionysus with goat carts and pastoral god Pan.