The form of traditional house design in Aceh
The form of traditional house design in Aceh- is a traditional house of the Acehnese tribe. This house has a type of stilt house with 3 main charts and 1 additional section. The three main parts of Aceh's houses are seuramoë keuë (front porch), seuramoë teungoh (central foyer) and seuramoë likôt (back porch). While 1 additional part is rumoh dapu (kitchen house). The roof of the house serves as a family heirloom storage
History of Aceh Traditional Houses
Individual trust and Acehnese society and natural conditions in which individuals or living communities have a significant influence on the architectural forms of buildings, houses, which are made. This can be seen in the architecture of House Aceh, Special Province of Aceh, Indonesia. House Aceh is a stilt house with a pole height of 2.50-3meter, consisting of three or five chambers, with one main space called creep. The houses with three chambers have 16 pillars, while House with five rooms has 24 poles. Modifications from three to five spaces or vice versa can be done easily, just add or remove parts that are on the left or right side of the house. This section is commonly called sramoe likot or the back porch and sramoe reunyeun or the neighboring foyer, which is the entrance to Rumoh which is always to the east.
The main door of House Aceh is always lower than the height of an adult. Usually the door's height is only 120-150 cm so that everyone entering House Aceh must look down. However, once inside, we will feel a very spacious room because there is no furniture in the house in the form of chairs or tables. Everyone sat cross-legged on a mum mat (from a kind of weed growing in a swamp) coated with pandanus mats. The influence of Acehnese beliefs on the architecture of their houses can be seen in the orientation of the house which is always stretched from east to west, namely the front facing east and the sacred inner or rear side in the west.
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House Aceh is not just a place to live, but is an expression of belief in God and adaptation to nature. Therefore, through House Aceh we can see the culture, lifestyle, and values believed by the people of Aceh. Adaptation of Aceh people to their environment can be seen from the form of House Aceh in the form of a stage, the supporting pillar made of selected wood, the wall is from the board, and the gaze is from thatch. The use of nature can also be seen when they want to combine parts of the house, they do not use nails but use pegs or straps from rattan. Although only made of wood, roofing thatched leaves, and not using nails, House Aceh can last up to 200 years.
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